Sin Moo Hapkido is not just a martial art; it's a comprehensive system that blends practical self-defense with personal growth and enlightenment. This unique martial discipline places a strong emphasis on non-physical techniques, offering not only physical training but also a wealth of tools to enrich every aspect of a practitioner's life. Let's delve deeper into the essence of Sin Moo Hapkido and its fascinating journey.
Sin Moo Hapkido, at its core, represents the harmonious fusion of "hard" and "soft" techniques. While closely related to its parent art, Traditional Hapkido, it distinguishes itself by placing a greater emphasis on meditative practices, philosophical contemplation, and Ki development training. In its full translation, Sin Moo Hapkido embodies the concept of "The way of using martial arts to harmonize the mind and body to reach a higher, more enlightened state of existence."
Founded in 1983 by the visionary Dojunim Ji Han Jae, with the collaboration of Merrill Jung and other dedicated members of the Northern California Hapkido Association, Sin Moo Hapkido traces its roots to Ji's earlier Hapkido programs. These programs were developed based on his extensive martial arts journey, influenced by three remarkable teachers and his own profound study.
Dojunim Ji Han Jae embarked on his martial arts odyssey as a student of Choi Young Sul, an expert in Yawara and Daito-Ryu Aikijujutsu. Choi Young Sul, the founder of Hapkiyusool, which served as a precursor to Hapkido, provided Ji with a solid foundation in joint locks, throws, and other fundamental techniques.
However, Ji's quest for knowledge didn't stop there. He sought guidance from a teacher known simply as Master Lee, who introduced him to "Sam Rang Do," weapons, and various martial aspects. Additionally, he received spiritual enlightenment from an ascetic hermit nun fondly referred to as "Grandma." These diverse influences contributed to the rich tapestry of Sin Moo Hapkido.
Sin Moo Hapkido isn't just a set of techniques; it's a way of life that permeates every aspect of a practitioner's existence. It encompasses dietary choices, meditation practices, physical exercise, and even one's approach to relationships and emotions. This comprehensive philosophy strives to touch on all facets of life, transcending the boundaries of a mere weekly practice.
The name Sin Moo Hapkido itself holds profound significance. "Hap" denotes bringing together and harmonizing, "Ki" represents the energy connecting mind and body, and "Do" signifies the process or path. Thus, Hapkido can be understood as "The way of harmonizing the mind and body through the utilization of Ki."
Incorporating the term "Sin," meaning "higher mind or higher spirit," and "Moo," meaning "martial art," Sin Moo Hapkido takes on a deeper dimension. In its full translation, it signifies "The way of using martial arts to harmonize the mind and body to reach a higher, more enlightened state of existence."
Sin Moo Hapkido doesn't merely emphasize physical prowess; it's a method of meditation aimed at maximizing the power of "Ki." Drawing from various philosophical traditions, including Buddhism (Mind), Confucianism (Body), and Zen (Spirit), practitioners learn to develop a clean mind, maintain balance in their emotions, avoid excess, and practice deep controlled breathing. This holistic approach enhances not only physical abilities but also mental clarity and spiritual awareness.
The profound philosophy of Sin Moo Hapkido finds its roots in the teachings of Taoist Lee Dosa and Grandma (Saramonin). Long hours of training, meditation, and enlightening conversations laid the foundation for this martial art. Ji Han Jae was trained in Samrangdo, a concept that revolves around merging the spirit, mind, and body into a unified self. This philosophy is reflected in the Nine Rules of Sin Moo and the meditation techniques, emphasizing the holistic development of an individual's true potential.
In essence, Sin Moo Hapkido is more than just self-defense; it's a journey towards personal growth, enlightenment, and the harmonious alignment of mind, body, and spirit.
Baek Nyon Chon Mah (백년천마/백련천마) in Dojunim own words: Train 100 times , Shine/polish 1,000 times. (1,000 Polish is an infinite number ). This is Dojunim message on how we should train once we done something 100 times we need to spend a life time polishing it.
Learning and knowledge acquisition takes place in steps: (1) wrote memory, (2) working memory and (3) long term memory, information is acquired mainly visually and auditory. Hapkido requires kinetic replication of acquired information. Therefore, in hapkido kinetic strategies (repetition through physical application) are implemented to obtain greater acquisition in long term memory. Still the main source of initial acquisition is visual and auditory. Once information is settled in long term memory kinetic strategies further improve retention. Thus, repetition practice 100 times is important (kinetic) but even more important is 1,000 attention to detail (visual and auditory). Dojunim simple teaching provides a depth of insight that takes psychologist years to research and study to understand in two simple sentences. I have compared all psychology related teaching of Dojunim to modern research and in each one of them he is spot on. Each one of his statements carry the weight of many modern and traditional models of psychology within them. Especially those that most people seem to dismiss as too metaphysical or esoteric to consider in day to day life.
Sin Moo Hapkido draws upon Buddhism, Zen and Confucianism. Whenever we think of our meditation we should think of each of these practices and how they are united into a larger whole. Each practice has six basic precepts. When combined they form eighteen. Each practice has a different emphasis. Buddhism focuses on moral training and is associated with the mind. Zen focuses on breathing and is associated with the spirit. Confucianism emphasizes feelings/sense of touch and so focuses on the body. Sin Moo means the mind, body and spirit united. Through the uniting of mind, body and spirit we maximize our ki. If we develop only one area, we are weakened.
The three laws of Sin Moo are intended to make the body and mind strong by controlling the self. This can be achieved by learning to; 1) Stop feeling, calm down, and relax. This is Buddhist clean mind or empty mind techniques (“Mushin”). 2) Long breathing, this empties the mind. And 3) Stop the senses. This makes the Body strong. When you are able to follow all three - stop the emotions, slow down the breath and stop the senses then you can make strong mind power for meditation and develop internal "Ki" power. This is the key point to control all three areas of the self in combat. Once you learn to control your “Ki” you will be on your way toward developing the power to open the “Third Eye”.
SAM (Three) 삼 IL (One) 일: When we talk about the aspects of an individual there are two main methods. The first is a dual relationship between the mind and body. The second is a tripartite relationship that is often taken in the western world as mind, body, and spirit. The concept of spirit often has a religious connection and religion is a personal choice and not part of Hapkido. How Hapkido fits into a student's individual spirituality is up to them. The tripartite relationship here actually a simple one that plays from the duality and is an extension of it. The three pieces are Mind, Body, and 'that which connects them.' In most Asian systems this third connecting piece is Ki (Korean) or Qi (Chinese). Jun Shin Sin Moo Hapkido emphasizes these relationships and keeps them in mind in all aspects of training and teaching.
The concept of mind is the mental and emotional processes that govern a person's decisions and actions.
Stop feeling, calm down, and relax. This is Buddhist clean mind techniques. In the Buddhist Clean Mind techniques, one must strive to balance good and bad feelings. Balance the six feelings (happiness, anger, fear, sadness, greed and laziness). The network of feeling is controlled by the brain. There are three steps to pure knowledge though this path: to understand, to look and search and to know. And there are three stops in the act of distinguishing. To move with one’s mind, to procrastinate (hesitate or pause) and to make up your mind.
Long breathing, this empties the mind. Zen is the practice of long breathing. It controls the lungs. There are six phases in long breathing. In taking in breath and inhaling, you pull in the breath, settle your breath and then exhale and expel. In the exhalation there is the cycle, moving out or back, and pushing to the side or clearing away.
Ki is the connection between the mind and the body, but is also the connection with the rest of the universe. It is intimately tied with the breath.
Stop the senses. This makes the Body strong. Confucius Moral Training is the path of controlling the emotions. This price governs the bone marrow, making the Body strong. It also has six phases. In delivering the Ki you receive Ki, place it and then relocate and send Ki. Then you distribute the Ki by moving it up, sending it out and having it reach its final destination. Sending and delivering are two different things but yet the same thing. When you breathe in there is weight. Ki has no weight. The three laws have effect on how you send Ki. Sky is taking in air, ground is exhaling. If you know how to distinguish as Sky (breathing in) and ground/earth (exhaling), between good and bad emotions, balance the senses then you can use Ki Power to the maximum and benefit the most from these teachings. The workings of the Sky are pulling the air in and settling the air (inhaling). The workings if the ground/earth are the cycle of twisting and turning, pushing out and finding the path or searching (exhaling). Spirit control head (Sky) and Body (Earth), human controls the Body.
When trying to understand these concepts think of the whole meaning, the larger concept. Combine the philosophies of Buddhism, Confucianism and Zen into one whole.
Combine feeling, breathing and touching into one whole. See how the concepts relate. Then you will see the whole meaning. Three is one, one is three. This is the pure and exact meaning of Sin Moo. The combined meditation methods resulting in the opening of the Third Eye with the ultimate goal of maximizing Ki Power.
When you are able to follow all three - stop the emotions, slow down the breath and stop the senses then you make can make strong mind Power to open the Third Eye. This is the key point: Control all three areas. Sin Moo draws upon Buddhism, Confucianism and Zen. Mind, Body and Spirit. We are now expanding upon the "9 Rules of Sin Moo".
Sin Moo, at its foundation, has nine rules as a guide to live by. There are 3 aspects of the whole: physical, mental and spiritual. The well-being of each one if these - the Body, the mind and the soul - guarantees a strong and healthy existence. Conversely, any illness in even one of these elements weakens and detracts from the other components as well. There are 3 rules for each of these 3 aspects, for a total of "9 Rules of Sin Moo Hapkido". These rules were developed by Doju Ji, Han-jae as instructions to allow your body to reach its full potential. The rules are broken up into three sections. Three rules deal with the physical body, three rules deal with the mental mind, and three rules focus on the spiritual soul. These rules are designed to help each of these parts of yourself reach their full potential. There are 3 types of power - mental, Body and medical. Mental Power controlled by the third eye is the most powerful. Body Power in the form of adrenaline (you Ki) is next. And last is the Power provided by medicine. So remember, your mind can be your most powerful weapon. By following these "9 Rules" - which is not too difficult, you should feel stronger, and healthier as you will achieve physical, mental & spiritual harmony.
The founder of Hapkido Dojunim Ji Han Jae has lived a long life now age 87 years old, he has a series of recommendations to better living. They are as follow:
1. You will receive a body. You will like it or hate it, but it will be yours for the entire period you're around.
2. You will learn lessons. You are enrolled in a full time informal school called life. Each day in this school you will have the opportunity to learn lessons. You may like the lessons or think them irrelevant and stupid.
3. There are no mistakes, only lessons. Growth is a process of trial and error, experimentation. The "failed" experiments are as much a part of the process as the experiments that ultimately "work".
4. A lesson is repeated until learned. A lesson will be presented to you in various forms until you have learned it. When you have learned it, you can go on to the next lesson.
5. Learning lessons does not end. There is no part of life that does not contain its lessons. If you are alive, there are lessons to be learned.
6. "There" is no better than "here". When your "there" has become a "here", you will simply obtain another "there" that will, again, look better than "here".
7. Others are merely mirrors of you. You cannot love or hate something about another person unless it reflects to you something you love or hate about yourself.
8. What you make of your life is up to you. You have all the tools and resources you need. What you do with them is up to you. The choice is yours.
9. Your answers lie inside you. The answers to life's questions lie inside you. All you need to do is look, listen, and trust.
In the last few years Doju Ji, Han Jae has been emphasizing the elements of Sinmoo Hapkido that help the mind and spirit. The following are recommendations to help maximize your Ki Power Development and your SinMoo training. They are left for you to research as they are new for all of us. SinMoo Hapkido is not simply a martial art, but rather a way of life. Follow these 9 Rules of the Body, mind and soul, and help people, teach them.
1- Too much watching Television or Sitting at the computer dries out the blood.
2- Too much sleep diminishes your Ki.
3- Sitting for a lengthy period of time creates muscle damage.
4- Walking for a lengthy period of time creates tendon damage.
5- Standing for a lengthy period of time creates bone damage.
6- Do not talk too much; Good names are Jesus Christ, Buddha, Confucius, George Washington, etc. Bad names such as Hitler, Napoleon, Al Capone. How do you make a good name for yourself ?
7- Do not sleep too much.
8- Do not eat too much.
9- Do not play too much video games.
The body is the vessel that must be kept healthy and strong through discipline and focus to live a long life .
Food Control: eat well; do not eat food that inhibits the Ki’s full potential. Do not eat pork because it restricts the heart and circulation, Poultry reduces the oxygen intake of the lungs and slows the body’s natural healing process. Scale-less fish (e.g. Calamari, octopus, eel, shark) suppress the detoxification properties of the liver. Too much peppery, spicy food cause stomach uclers, while overdoing salt destroys the kidney’s filtering abilities. Do not drink alcohol as it kills brain cells. All these items are poisonous foods that harm the internal organs, thereby inhibiting the production of the adrenaline hormone in the Body (adrenaline gives us superpower, helps healing/stops pain & opens the third eye). Adrenaline is your physical Ki, and it is blocked by the harmful influence of these foods on your Body. If even one of your major internal organs is ill, it affects the other organs and weakens them considerably.
Foods that inhibit KI's full potential: eat well. Do not eat pork because it restricts the heart circulation. Poultry reduces the oxygen intake of the lungs, and slows the body's natural healing process (web-footed birds like the duck are all right to eat; it is the open-clawed birds that are unhealthy.) Fish without scales (e.g. calamari, octopus, eel and shark) suppress the detoxification properties of the liver. Too much peppery, spicy food causes stomach ulcers, while overdoing salt destroys the kidney's filtering abilities. Do not drink alcohol as it kills brain cells. All these items are poisonous foods that harm the internal organs, thereby inhibiting the production of adrenaline hormones in the body. Adrenaline is your physical KI and it is blocked by the harmful influence of these foods on your body. If even one of your major internal organs is ill, it affects the other organs and weakens them considerably.
Healthy Sex: do not misunderstand! A man rejuvenates his energy and a women enhances her countenance through the act of making love. However, ejaculating too often saps a man’s strength and may weaken him to the point of Death. A woman, on the other hand, benefits each time she orgasms. Breathing through the nose, with the mouth closed, helps a man retain his energy and control his climax. To create woman, God removed man’s left rib. Man lost not only his rib, but part of his strength as well. He may recover this lost Power only from a woman during the act of making love.
Beneficial Meditation: Slow, controlled breathing lengthens life. Breathe only through the nose, with the mouth closed, and use the stomach to move the diaphragm - not the chest or shoulders. Inhale deep and long, allowing the nasal passages to warm the air as it enters the lungs. The normal breathing cycle lasts 6 seconds (3 seconds to inhale and 3 seconds to exhale). Learn to inhale for at least 8 seconds, retain the breath for another 8 seconds, and exhale for 8 seconds. Your breathing cycle will be 3 times longer than normal, and you will live longer. Close your mouth, bite down and make the "mmm" sound, feeling the vibration in your molars. This action "opens the gate" and initiates secretion of the adrenaline hormone. Hot or cold water damages the molars, and prevents the production of adrenaline.
The Mind (Mental) There are three major sources of harm: Unhealthy food, external force (someone attacks you), and the mind. By far, the mind can be the most damaging. A weak mind relinquishes control of the body and permits for accidents to occur. When the mind is weak, then the body is weak, and you attract disasters and mishaps. The condition of your mind is entirely up to you. You decide if you are not to be angry, sad, nor greedy. We are here for such a short time, life should not be wasted in destructive emotions?
Do Not Be Angry: The face turns red and the circulation increases tremendously when you are angry. The heart works overtime, and this leads to heart attacks. How do you reconcile traumatic accidents ? Think of it as repayment of dept from previous life. Perhaps you borrowed money from someone. and they reclaim it in this life by stealing it from you.
Do Not Be Sad: Excessive sadness weakens the brain to the point of insanity and eventually Death. How should you prevent despair ? Realise that your fate has been fulfilled, and it is time to continue. You cannot avoid that which comes to you, not hold on to that which leaves you.
Do Not Be Greedy: Greed is the root of a thousand sicknesses. it taints everything and harms all areas of the Body. When you die, only your soul goes with you; your Spirit is the only thing that really belongs to you. You leave behind the Body that you’ve used as well as any material possessions. The earth is God’s garden, and everything is on loan to us. The only thing of yours that you leave behind is your name. Your name may be good, bad or ordinary. An ordinary name is remembered for a few years by those that were close to the person, and then forgotten. Good names are remembered with pride for a long time while bad names retain their infamy indefinitely.
The soul (Spiritual): God gave us 3 free gift: water, air and sunshine. Places of worship typically contain bowls of water, incense (air) and candles (light). These elements may be used to charge and strengthen the Spirit. The Spirit covers the entire universe and is timeless. A strong Spirit protects you and clears your path; accidents are naturally prevented or avoided. A weak Spirit leads to problem.
Water: Drink the right amount of water at the right temperature. Too much as well as too little water causes Death. Do not drink water that is too cold nor too hot, do not let it touch the molars. The teeth trigger production of the adrenaline hormone causing vibration to the Middle brain. Once stimulated in this way, the Middle brain begins manufacturing adrenaline. Close your mouth, bite down and make the "mmm" sound, feeling the vibration in your molars. This action "opens the gate" and initiates secretion of the adrenaline hormone. Hot or cold water damages the molars, and prevents the production of adrenaline.
Sun Light Control: Excessive amounts of sun as well as not enough sunshine brings Death. Getting the right amount of sunshine is like charging a battery; learn to keep yourself highly charged. Meditate with the sun behind you: face west in the morning, turn towards the north at noon, and look to the east in the evening and at night when there is no sun. Without sunlight we cannot see. If something happens too quickly or too slowly, our physical eyes cannot perceive it. However, the mind’s eye is timeless; you can learn to "slow time down". In the martial arts, this perception can be used to react in what seems like lightning speed to an opponent’s attack.
Without sunlight we cannot see. If something happens too quickly or too slowly, our physical eyes cannot perceive it. However, the mind’s eye is timeless; you can learn to "slow time down". In the martial arts, this perception can be used to react in what seems like lightning speed to an opponent’s attack.
These are the "9 Rules of Sin Moo". They are easy and quick to learn. Once you understand and live these tenets, you can live Sin Moo ably and acquire control effectively.
Jung Shin Sin Moo Kwan Hapkido & Kum Sool
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